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Permanent Residency

Foreign workers must obtain permission to work in the US in the form of a valid work visa, employment based green card or employment authorization. The Immigration and Nationality Act includes a range of US work visas and green cards for foreign workers with an offer of employment in the US. Foreign workers with a temporary offer to work in the US may be able to apply for a temporary non immigrant work visa, while those with a permanent offer to work in the US may be able to apply for a Green Card. Students and exchange visitors to the US may be permitted to work in the US if they possess a valid student visa or exchange visa.

H1B Visa for Specialty Occupations

An H1B visa is a temporary work visa for foreign workers with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US. The US immigration legislation caps the number of H1B visas issued to 65,000 per fiscal year (from October 1 to September 30). The H1B fiscal year (FYI) 2013 cap season opened on Monday April 2, 2012. Nationals of Chile and Singapore may be eligible to apply for an H1B1 visa< to work in the US which is exempt from this cap.

H1B Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H1B visa to work in the US, a foreign worker must have a temporary offer of employment in a specialty occupation from a US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor’s degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts. Fashion models of distinguished merit and ability may also qualify for an H1B visa. H1B visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H1B Visa Entitlements

An H1B visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H1B visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Foreign workers with an H1B visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain H1B visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

L1 Visa for Intracompany Transfer

An L1 visa is a temporary work visa for key employees of an international company to be transferred to the US to continue work with their employer. An L1 visa is also suitable for key employees of an international company to come to the US to establish a parent, branch, affiliate, or subsidiary of the company. The international company may be either an US or foreign organization.

L1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an L1 visa, the applicant must have been continuously employed by their company for at least one year within the preceding three years in a managerial, executive or specialized knowledge capacity. Furthermore, the applicant must be intending to hold a similar managerial, executive or key position within the company. L1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

L1 Visa Entitlements

An L1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An L1 visa is usually granted for 3 years if the company is already established in the US or 1 year for a new company. Extensions of an L1 visa may be granted. Intercompany transferees with an L1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain L1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (L2 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States without obtaining a student visa and accompanying spouses may undertake employment with an approved employment authorization.

H2A Visa for Seasonal Agricultural Workers

An H2A visa is a temporary work visa for foreign agricultural workers with a job offer for seasonal agricultural work in the US. The H2A visa program is open to nationals of countries that the United States Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as eligible to participate and is revised annually. Those with a temporary job offer in a non-agricultural industry may be eligible for an H2B visa to work in the US.

H2A Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H2A visa, the applicant must hold a passport from one of the following countries

H2A Visa Countries:

Argentina
Australia
Barbados
Belize
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Costa Rica
Croatia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Japan
Kiribati
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
Mexico
Moldova
Montenegro
Nauru
The Netherlands
Nicaragua
New Zealand
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Samoa
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Switzerland
Tonga
Turkey
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay
Vanuatu

In addition, the applicant must have a temporary or seasonal offer of employment in an agricultural environment. Furthermore, the prospective employer must demonstrate that the position cannot be filled by a US worker. H2A visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements

H2A Visa Entitlements

An H2A visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H2A visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

H2B Visa for Seasonal Workers

An H2B visa is a temporary work visa for foreign workers with a job offer for seasonal, non-agricultural work in the US. The H2B visa program is open to nationals of countries designated by the United States Secretary of Homeland Security and is capped at 66, 000 visas per year (from October 1 – September 30). Those with a temporary job offer in an agricultural industry may be eligible for an H2A visa which is exempt from this cap.

H2B Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H2B visa, the applicant must hold a passport from one of the following eligible countries

H2B Visa Countries:

Argentina
Australia
Barbados
Belize
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Costa Rica
Croatia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Japan
Kiribati
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
Mexico
Moldova
Montenegro
Nauru
The Netherlands
Nicaragua
New Zealand
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Samoa
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Switzerland
Tonga
Turkey
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay
Vanuatu

In addition, the applicant must have a temporary or seasonal offer of employment that can be classified as a one-time occurrence, peak load, intermittent or seasonal need. Furthermore, the prospective employer must demonstrate that the position cannot be filled by a US worker. H2B visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H2B Visa Entitlements

An H2B visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H2B visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitle to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

O1 Visa for those with Extraordinary Ability

The O1 visa is a temporary work visa for people with extraordinary ability in athletics, arts, business, education or science as demonstrated through sustained national or international acclaim. The O1 visa permits those who have reached the top level of expertise to come to the US to work in their field for an US employer or agent.

O1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an O1 visa, the applicant must demonstrate that they possess an extraordinary ability in one of the following fields:

  • athletics;
  • arts, motion picture or television industry;
  • business;
  • education; or
  • science.

A person of extraordinary ability is one of a small percentage of individuals who have risen to the very top of their field. This must be evidenced by skill and recognition above that ordinarily encountered and the person must be recognized as prominent, renowned, or notable in their field. In addition, the applicant must have a temporary offer of employment from an US employer or agent to work in their field of expertise. O1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements

O1 Visa Entitlements

An O1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An O1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of up to 3 years and extensions may be granted. Foreign workers with an O1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain O1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Persons wishing to accompany O1 visa applicants who are artists or athletes may be eligible to apply for an O2 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the completion of the O1 visa applicant's work.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (O3 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

E3 Visa for Australians

An E3 visa is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Australia with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US.

E3 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an E3 visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of Australia and must have a temporary job offer of employment in a specialty occupation from a US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts. E3 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

E3 Visa Entitlements

An E3 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An E3 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 2 years and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (E3 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States and accompanying spouses may undertake employment with an approved employment authorization.

I Visa for Foreign Media Representatives

An I visa is a temporary work visa for representatives of the foreign press, radio, film and other foreign information media to work in the US. Journalists, reporters and film production workers who apply for an I visa must be coming to the US solely to engage in their vocation and the result of their work must primarily be to benefit the audience of their home country.

I Visa Requirements

To qualify for an I visa, the applicant must be a representative of the foreign media, freelance journalist or contracted by a media organization travelling to the US solely to work in their profession. An I visa applicant must usually be coming to the US to gather and/or report on information or news for a media organization that has its home office in a foreign country. I visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

I Visa Entitlements

An I visa entitles the holder to work in the US temporarily. An I visa is usually granted for the duration of the applicant’s job status, meaning, so long as the applicant is performing their job duties, the applicant may remain in the US. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may also apply for an I visa to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

H1B1 Visa for Chileans & Singaporeans

An H1B1 visa (sub-classification) is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Chile and Singapore with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US. The Chile & Singapore Free Trade Agreement requires the USCIS to exempt 6,800 H1B visas from the H1B visa cap and be reserved for eligible citizens of Chile and Singapore. Other foreign nationals with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US may be eligible to apply for an H1B visa.

H1B1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H1B1 visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of either Chile or Singapore and must have a temporary offer of employment in a specialty occupation from an US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts. H1B1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H1B1 Visa Entitlements

An H1B1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H1B1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

R1 Visa for Religious Workers

An R1 visa is a temporary work visa for ministers and other religious workers with a job offer in a non-profit religious organization or an organization affiliated with a religious denomination in the US. Ministers and other religious workers with a permanent, full time employment offer may be able to apply for a Green Card as a special immigrant.

R1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an R1 visa, the applicant must be a member of a religious denomination and have a temporary offer of employment (salaried or non-salaried) in a religious occupation from a non-profit religious organization in the US. The offer of employment may be as a minister or in any other religious vocation for at least 20 hours per week. The applicant must have been a member of their religious denomination for at least 2 years preceding the application. R1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

R1 Visa Entitlements

An R1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An R1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Religious workers with an R1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain R1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Spouses and unmarried children under the 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (R2 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are not entitled to work or study in the United States without obtaining an appropriate work or student visa.

TN Visa for Canadians & Mexicans

A TN visa is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Canada and Mexico with a job offer in a professional occupation in the US. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) stipulates the professional occupations and minimum qualifications or alternative credentials required to be eligible to apply for a TN visa. Self-employment is not permitted on a TN visa.

TN Visa Requirements

To qualify for a TN visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of either Canada or Mexico and must have a temporary job offer of employment in a designated professional occupation from an US employer. The professional occupation must be on the NAFTA Professional Job Series List which currently includes occupations such as accountants, engineers, lawyers, medical and allied health workers, scientists and teachers. Furthermore, the applicant must meet minimum educational requirements or alternative credentials specific to their profession. TN visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

TN Visa Entitlements

A TN visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. A TN visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (TD visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

P2 Visa for Artists and Entertainers on an Exchange

A P2 visa is a temporary work visa for artists and entertainers who wish to participate in a government approved reciprocal exchange program in the US.

P2 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P2 visa, the applicant must be an artist or entertainer, either individually or as part of a group who has been accepted or invited to participate in a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the US and an organization in another country. The artist or entertainer must possess skills comparable to those of the US artists and entertainers participating in the program abroad. In addition, the applicant must have a US employer, organization or agent to sponsor their participation in the exchange program in the US.
P2 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P2 Visa Entitlements

A P2 visa entitles the holder to participate in an exchange program in the US. A P2 visa is usually granted for the duration of their program and extensions may be granted. Artists and entertainers with a P2 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P2 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P2 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P2 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

P3 Visa for Culturally Unique Artists and Entertainers

A P3 visa is a temporary work visa for culturally unique artists and entertainers who wish to perform or instruct in a cultural event or program in the US.

P3 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P3 visa, the applicant must be an artist or entertainer, either individually or as part of a group, that is coming to the US to demonstrate, instruct or promote their unique or cultural artistic talent in an event or events. The events may be commercial or non-commercial. In addition, the applicant must have an US employer, organization or agent to sponsor their participation in the event/s in the US.
P3 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P3 Visa Entitlements

A P3 visa entitles the holder to participate in a cultural program or event in the US. A P3 visa is usually granted for the duration of the program up to one year and extensions may be granted. Artists and entertainers with a P3 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P3 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P3 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P3 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

Q1 Visa for International Cultural Exchanges

A Q1 visa is a temporary work visa for adults (at least 18 years of age) to participate in a training, employment and cultural exchange program. The program must be administered by a US employer and must provide practical training and employment to the participant while facilitating the sharing of history, culture and tradition of the participant’s home country. Those wishing to participate in an educational based exchange program may be eligible to apply for an Exchange visa (J visa).

Q1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a Q1 visa, the applicant must be at least 18 years old and able to communicate the cultural attributes of their home country. In addition, the  applicant must have a US employer to sponsor them and administer the cultural exchange program. Applicants who have previously entered the US on a Q1 visa must have been physically outside the US for at least one year before re-entering. Q1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

Q1 Visa Entitlements

A Q1 visa entitles the holder to participate in an employment based cultural exchange program in the US. A Q1 visa is usually granted for the duration of the program up to 15 months and extensions cannot be granted. There is no provision for spouses and children of Q1 visa holders to accompany the Q1 visa holder. Spouses and children wishing to come to the US to join their spouse or parent are required to obtain an appropriate travel visa, work visa or student visa. P1 Visa for Internationally Recognized Athletes and Entertainers A P1 visa is a temporary work visa for internationally recognized athletes and entertainers to perform at an event in the US.

P1 Visa for Internationally Recognized Athletes and Entertainers

A P1 visa is a temporary work visa for internationally recognized athletes and entertainers to perform at an event in the US.

P1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P1 visa, the applicant must be internationally recognized and destined to enter the United States to compete or perform at a specific event. An internationally recognized athlete or entertainer must have significant international recognition either as an individual or as part of a team/group. This must be evidenced by skill and recognition above that ordinarily encountered and the person or group must be recognized in more than one country for a sustained period of time. In addition, the applicant must have a US employer or agent to sponsor their trip to the United States. P1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P1 Visa Entitlements

A P1 visa entitles the holder to participate in an event in the US. A P1 visa is usually granted to entertainers for the duration of their specific event only and will not exceed 1 year. However, individual athletes may be admitted for up to 5 years and a team athlete for up to 1 year and extensions may be granted. Internationally recognized athletes and entertainers with a P1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P1 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P1 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

EB1 Green Card for Priority Workers

An EB1 Green Card is an employment based, first preference Green Card that provides lawful permanent residence in the US to those with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics. An EB1 Green Card is also available to outstanding professors, researchers, multinational executives and managers with a permanent offer of employment in the US.

EB1 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an EB1 Green Card as a first priority worker, the applicant must have an extraordinary ability, or be an outstanding professor or researcher, or be a multinational executive or manager. Applicants who can demonstrate their extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics through sustained national or international acclaim are not required to have a permanent offer of employment in the US and are eligible to self-petition, however they must intend to work in the US in their field of expertise.

Outstanding professors and researchers must demonstrate international recognition for their achievements in their field and have at least 3 years experience in teaching or research in that field. Applicants for an EB1 Green Card as an outstanding professor or researcher must be entering the US to pursue tenure or tenure track teaching or research at a University or other academic institution in the US.

Multinational executives and managers must have been employed by their sponsoring firm or corporation in a managerial or executive capacity outside the US for at least 1 year in the 3 years prior to applying for a Green Card. US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements.

EB1 Green Card Entitlements

An EB1 Green Card entitles accomplished foreigners to live permanently in the United States to continue to work in their field. In addition, the Green Card holder's spouse and children may be entitled to accompany or join them in the United States permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

EB2 Green Card for Advanced Degree Holders

The EB2 Green Card is an employment based, second preference visa that provides lawful permanent residence in the US to those with an advanced degree or an exceptional ability in the sciences, arts or business and a permanent offer of employment in the US.

EB2 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an EB2 Green Card, the applicant must have an advanced degree or exceptional ability in their profession. Applicants must have a permanent job offer from a US employer who will act as the applicant's sponsor. An advanced degree is considered at least a Master's degree or, in some professions, a Bachelor's degree plus a minimum of five (5) years' work experience.

An exceptional ability means a degree of expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered in the sciences, arts or business. Applicants who can demonstrate an exceptional ability and that their employment in the US would greatly benefit the nation may be eligible to self-petition and may not need an employer to sponsor them. US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements.

EB2 Green Card Entitlements

An EB2 Green Card entitles advanced degree holders to live permanently in the United States to continue to work in their field. In addition, the Green Card holder's spouse and children may be entitled to accompany or join them in the United States permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

EB3 Green Card for Professionals, Skilled and Other Workers

An EB3 Green Card is an employment based, third preference visa that provides lawful permanent residence in the US to professionals, skilled workers and unskilled workers with a permanent offer of employment in the US.

EB3 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an EB3 Green Card, the applicant must have a permanent, full time job offer from a US employer for which qualified workers are not available in the United States.

Professionals must possess a baccalaureate degree, or degree equivalent, that is required for entry into their occupation.
Skilled Workers must be able to demonstrate at least 2 years of job experience or training.
Other Workers must be undertaking unskilled labor that requires less than 2 years of training or experience. US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements.

EB3 Green Card Entitlements

An EB3 Green Card entitles professionals, skilled and other workers to live and work permanently in the US. In addition, the Green Card holder's spouse and children may be entitled to accompany or join them in the United States permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

EB4 Green Card for Special Immigrants

The EB4 Green Card is an employment based, fourth preference visa that provides lawful permanent residence in the US to specific special immigrants. Eligible applicants under the EB4 Green Card category are exempt from having a permanent employment opportunity in the US.

EB4 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an EB4 Green Card, the applicant must be one of the following special immigrants:

  • Religious Worker
  • Broadcaster
  • Iraqi/Afghan Translator
  • Iraqi who has assisted the US
  • Employee of an international organization
  • Employee of the Panama Canal zone
  • Physician
  • Member of the Armed Forces
  • Retired NATO-6 employee
  • Spouse or child of deceased NATO-6 employee

Special immigrant applicants must have previously entered the US and been employed in the occupation listed. However, a continuing offer of permanent employment in the US is not required to be eligible to apply for an EB4 Green Card. Other occupation specific requirements must also be met. US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements..

EB4 Green Card Entitlements

An EB4 Green Card entitles certain special immigrants to live and work permanently in the United States. In addition, the Green Card holder's spouse and children may be entitled to accompany or join them in the United States permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

EB5 Green Card for Investors

The EB5 Green Card is an employment creation, fifth preference visa that provides lawful permanent residence in the US to foreign investors and entrepreneurs who can invest in a new commercial enterprise in the US.

EB5 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an EB5 Green Card, the applicant must make a substantial investment in a new commercial venture in the US that will create at least 10 full time employment opportunities in the US within 2 years. The applicant must also be actively involved in the day-to-day management of the enterprise.


minimum investment of US$1,000,000 is usually required, however applicants who choose to invest in a high unemployment or rural area may qualifying with an investment of US$500,000.


commercial enterprise is considered to be any for-profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of lawful business, including a sole proprietorship, partnership, holding company, joint venture, corporation, business trust or other entity which may be publicly or privately owned.
US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements

EB5 Green Card Entitlements

An EB5 Green Card entitles investors and entrepreneurs to live and work in the US. An EB5 Green Card is usually granted for an initial period of 2 years where the applicant will receive conditional resident status in the US. Once the condition is removed, the applicant will then receive a permanent US Green Card providing lawful permanent residence status in the US. In addition, the Green Card holder's spouse and children may be entitled to accompany or join them in the United States permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

IR Green Card for Immediate Relatives of US Citizens

The IR Green Card is a family based visa that provides lawful permanent residence to immediate relatives of US citizens. IR Green Card applicants have special immigration priority and there is no limit to the number of visas available in this category.

IR Green Card Entitlements

An IR Green Card entitles immediate relative of US citizens to reunite with their family and become lawful permanent residents in the US. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close family members for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

US F2 Spouse or Child of US Permanent Resident Green Card Category

The Spouse or Child of US Permanent Resident Green Card category enables lawful permanent residents of the United States to sponsor their foreign spouses and children to live and work in the US on a permanent basis. In addition, the unmarried children under 21 years of age of the spouse, and the unmarried children of the US lawful permanent resident and the unmarried children under 21 years of age of the lawful permanent resident’s children may apply for US permanent residence as well.

The Spouse or Child of US Permanent Resident Green Card category can be applied for from either inside or outside the United States. If in the US, the spouse must have made a legal entry to the United States and have maintained legal status. If outside the US, the spouse may not enter the US until the visa is granted.

Spouse or Child of US Permanent Resident (F2) Green Card Basic Requirements

To be eligible for a Green Card as a Spouse or Child of a US Permanent Resident, the foreign spouse and the US lawful permanent resident must be legally married as evidenced by a valid marriage certificate. In addition, the lawful permanent resident must be residing in the United States at the time of the application. Children of the lawful permanent resident must prove relationships through birth certificates, adoption papers and marriage certificates. Applicants must also meet certain health and character requirements.

Spouse or Child of US Permanent Resident (F2) Green Card Entitlements

The Spouse or child of US Permanent Resident category provides foreign spouses and children of permanent residents the opportunity to reunite with family living in the United States and become permanent residents. Permanent Residents have the right to live and work in the United States permanently, leave and return to the United States with few limitations, attend public schools and colleges and become a US citizen when eligible to do so.

F1 – F3 Green Cards for Children of US Citizens

The F1 and F3 Green Cards are family based, first and third preference visas that provide lawful permanent residence to adult and married children of US citizens. There is a limit to the number of visas available in these categories each year, so there is usually a waiting period before an immigrant visa number becomes available. Immediate family members, such as spouses, parents and unmarried children under 21 years of age, of US citizens may be eligible for an IR Green Card which is unlimited and no waiting period applies.

F1 and F3 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an F1 Green Card, the applicant must be the child of a US Citizen, be unmarried and be at least 21 years of age.
To qualify for an F3 Green Card, the applicant must be the child of a US Citizen and married.
US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements.

F1 and F3 Green Card Entitlements

The F1 and F3 Green Cards entitle adult and married (any age) children of US citizens to reunite with their family and become lawful permanent residents in the US. In addition, an F1 Green Card holder's unmarried children (under the age of 21) and an F3 Green Card holder's spouse and unmarried children (under the age of 21) may be entitled to accompany or join them in the US permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

F1 – F3 Green Cards for Children of US Citizens

The F1 and F3 Green Cards are family based, first and third preference visas that provide lawful permanent residence to adult and married children of US citizens. There is a limit to the number of visas available in these categories each year, so there is usually a waiting period before an immigrant visa number becomes available. Immediate family members, such as spouses, parents and unmarried children under 21 years of age, of US citizens may be eligible for an IR Green Card  which is unlimited and no waiting period applies.

F1 and F3 Green Card Requirements

To qualify for an F1 Green Card, the applicant must be the child of a US Citizen, be unmarried and be at least 21 years of age.
To qualify for an F3 Green Card, the applicant must be the child of a US Citizen and married.
US Green Card applicants will also need to meet health and character requirements.

F1 and F3 Green Card Entitlements

The F1 and F3 Green Cards entitle adult and married (any age) children of US citizens to reunite with their family and become lawful permanent residents in the US. In addition, an F1 Green Card holder's unmarried children (under the age of 21) and an F3 Green Card holder's spouse and unmarried children (under the age of 21) may be entitled to accompany or join them in the US permanently. US permanent residents are entitled to attend any public or private school in the US, work in the US without a visa or employment authorization document, travel outside the US with few limitations, sponsor close relatives for US permanent residence and apply for US citizenship when eligible to do so.

US Green Card Lottery DV

The Diversity Lottery allows up to 55,000 eligible applicants to come to the United States under a random lottery program to live and work in the United States permanently. The number of eligible applicants has been decreased by 5,000 for the last few years to provide relief under a 1997 act passed by Congress. The applicants are randomly selected from regions other than principal sources of immigration to the United States, including Africa, Asia, Europe, North America (other than Mexico), Oceania, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. No one country may receive more than 7% of available diversity visas.

Green Card Lottery (DV) Basic Requirements

Applicants can enter the diversity lottery to apply for a green card if they reside in low admission regions. Applicants must have at least a high school diploma or its equivalent. Within the last five years prior to applying, the applicant must have at least two years of work experience in an occupation requiring at least two years of training or experience. They must also obtain their green card within the same fiscal year they apply for it.

Green Card Lottery (DV) Entitlements

United States lawful permanent residents, or “green card holders”, have the right to live and work in the United States permanently, travel to and from the United States, attend public schools and colleges and become a US citizen when eligible to do so.

Working Holiday Visa USA

A working holiday in the US can be achieved with an exchange visa (J visa). There are a number of exchange visa programs that specifically accommodate students and recent graduates wanting to work and travel in the US for up to 12 months.

US BUNAC Visa

BUNAC US allows you to work at either a summer camp or with a company for the summer season for up to four months. You will have the opportunity to work in the United States and receive practical training in your chosen field. Plan ahead and apply now!

BUNAC US Visa Basic Requirements

BUNAC US requires applicants to obtain a visa prior to entry and show that the purpose of their stay is to work. Basic requirements include being at least 18 years of age and a student. Part-time and high school students are ineligible. In addition, applicants must show sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay and have adequate medical insurance coverage. Applicants will also be required to meet certain criminal and medical requirements.

BUNAC US Visa Entitlements

BUNAC US provides great flexibility in allowing applicants to engage in various activities during their stay in the United States, including, tourism, travel throughout to all 50 states, attendance to festivals, conferences, or conventions, and visits with friends and family. In addition, you may also engage in short-term study during your stay. An extension may be permitted for Summer Camp US and KAMP US participants for up to 30 days for travel at the end of their summer camp experience.

Spouses and children of J-1 America participants are entitled to apply for a dependent visa and accompany the principal to the United States. In addition, spouses and children may study in the United States without applying for a study permit, however they will not be permitted to work without applying for employment authorization.

US Swap Visa

SWAP US allows you to work or to participate in an internship or traineeship for up to eighteen months. You will have the opportunity to work in the United States and receive practical training in your chosen field. Plan ahead and apply now!

SWAP US Visa Basic Requirements

SWAP US requires applicants to obtain a visa prior to entry and show that the purpose of their stay is to work. Basic requirements include being at least 18 years of age and be either a student or a recent graduate. Part-time and high school students are ineligible. In addition, applicants must show sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay and have adequate medical insurance coverage. Applicants will also be required to meet certain criminal and medical requirements.

SWAP US Visa Entitlements

SWAP US provides great flexibility in allowing applicants to engage in various activities during their stay in the United States, including, tourism, travel throughout to all 50 states, attendance to festivals, conferences, or conventions, and visits with friends and family. In addition, you may also engage in short-term study during your stay. An extension may be permitted for interns and trainees under SWAP US for up to 18 months.

Spouses and children of SWAP US participants are entitled to apply for a dependent visa and accompany the principal into the United States. In addition, spouses and children may study in the United States without applying for a study permit, however they will not be permitted to work without applying for employment authorization.

US CCUS Visa

CCUS allows you to work at either a summer camp, winter resort or with a company for up to 18 months. You will have the opportunity to work in the United States and receive practical training in your chosen field. Plan ahead and apply now!

CCUS Visa Basic Requirements

CCUS requires applicants to obtain a visa prior to entry and show that the purpose of their stay is to work. Basic requirements include being at least 18 years of age and a student. Part-time and high school students are ineligible. In addition, applicants must show sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay and have adequate medical insurance coverage. Students will also be required to meet certain criminal and medical requirements.

CCUS Visa Entitlements

CCUS provides great flexibility in allowing applicants to engage in various activities during their stay in the United States, including, tourism, travel throughout to all 50 states, attendance to festivals, conferences, or conventions, and visits with friends and family. In addition, you may also engage in short-term study during your stay. A 30-day extension may be permitted for participants in the Camp Counselors US, Work Experience US – Summer, and Work Experience US – Winter programs for travel at the end of their work experience.

US Au Pair Visa

Au Pair US offers students the opportunity to study in the United States while caring for the children of an American host family under three separate working holiday programs: Au Pair in America, Au Pair Extrodinaire and EduCare in America. Eligibility for each program depends on the level of the applicant’s childcare experience.

AU PAIR US Visa Basic Requirements

Au Pair US requires students to obtain a visa prior to entry and show that the purpose of their stay is to work while enrolled at school. Basic requirements include being at least 18 years of age and having childcare experience. High school students are ineligible. Students will also be required to meet certain criminal and medical requirements.

AU PAIR US Visa Entitlements

Au Pair US provides great flexibility in allowing applicants to engage in various activities during their stay in the United States, including, tourism, travel throughout to all 50 states, attendance to festivals, conferences, or conventions, and visits with friends and family. An extension may be permitted under Au Pair US for an additional 6, 9 or 12 month term. Persons who have previously worked as au pairs in the United States are ineligible to apply to this program.

H1B Visa for Specialty Occupations

An H1B visa is a temporary work visa for foreign workers with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US. The US immigration legislation caps the number of H1B visas issued to 65,000 per fiscal year (from October 1 to September 30). The H1B fiscal year (FYI) 2013 cap season opened on Monday April 2, 2012. Nationals of Chile and Singapore may be eligible to apply for an H1B1 visa to work in the US which is exempt from this cap.

H1B Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H1B visa to work in the US, a foreign worker must have a temporary offer of employment in a specialty occupation from a US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor’s degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts. Fashion models of distinguished merit and ability may also qualify for an H1B visa. H1B visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H1B Visa Entitlements

An H1B visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H1B visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Foreign workers with an H1B visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain H1B visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

L1 Visa for Intracompany Transferee

An L1 visa is a temporary work visa for key employees of an international company to be transferred to the US to continue work with their employer. An L1 visa is also suitable for key employees of an international company to come to the US to establish a parent, branch, affiliate, or subsidiary of the company. The international company may be either an US or foreign organization.

L1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an L1 visa, the applicant must have been continuously employed by their company for at least one year within the preceding three years in a managerial, executive or specialized knowledge capacity. Furthermore, the applicant must be intending to hold a similar managerial, executive or key position within the company. L1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

L1 Visa Entitlements

An L1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An L1 visa is usually granted for 3 years if the company is already established in the US or 1 year for a new company. Extensions of an L1 visa may be granted. Intercompany transferees with an L1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain L1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (L2 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States without obtaining a student visa and accompanying spouses may undertake employment with an approved employment authorization.

H2A Visa for Seasonal Agricultural Workers

An H2A visa is a temporary work visa for foreign agricultural workers with a job offer for seasonal agricultural work in the US. The H2A visa program is open to nationals of countries that the United States Secretary of Homeland Security has designated as eligible to participate and is revised annually. Those with a temporary job offer in a non-agricultural industry may be eligible for an H2B visa to work in the US.

H2A Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H2A visa, the applicant must hold a passport from one of the following countries:

H2A Visa Countries:

Argentina
Australia
Barbados
Belize
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Costa Rica
Croatia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Japan
Kiribati
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
Mexico
Moldova
Montenegro
Nauru
The Netherlands
Nicaragua
New Zealand
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Samoa
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Switzerland
Tonga
Turkey
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay
Vanuatu

In addition, the applicant must have a temporary or seasonal offer of employment in an agricultural environment. Furthermore, the prospective employer must demonstrate that the position cannot be filled by a US worker. H2A visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H2A Visa Entitlements

An H2A visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H2A visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

H2B Visa for Seasonal Workers

An H2B visa is a temporary work visa for foreign workers with a job offer for seasonal, non-agricultural work in the US. The H2B visa program is open to nationals of countries designated by the United States Secretary of Homeland Security and is capped at 66, 000 visas per year (from October 1 – September 30). Those with a temporary job offer in an agricultural industry may be eligible for an H2A visa which is exempt from this cap.

H2B Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H2B visa, the applicant must hold a passport from one of the following eligible countries:

H2B Visa Countries:

Argentina
Australia
Barbados
Belize
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Costa Rica
Croatia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Japan
Kiribati
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
Mexico
Moldova
Montenegro
Nauru
The Netherlands
Nicaragua
New Zealand
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Samoa
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Switzerland
Tonga
Turkey
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay
Vanuatu

In addition, the applicant must have a temporary or seasonal offer of employment that can be classified as a one-time occurrence, peak load, intermittent or seasonal need. Furthermore, the prospective employer must demonstrate that the position cannot be filled by a US worker. H2B visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H2B Visa Entitlements

An H2B visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H2B visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitle to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

O1 Visa for those with Extraordinary Ability

The O1 visa is a temporary work visa for people with extraordinary ability in athletics, arts, business, education or science as demonstrated through sustained national or international acclaim. The O1 visa permits those who have reached the top level of expertise to come to the US to work in their field for an US employer or agent.

O1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an O1 visa, the applicant must demonstrate that they possess an extraordinary ability in one of the following fields:

  • athletics;
  • arts, motion picture or television industry;
  • business;
  • education; or
  • science.

A person of extraordinary ability is one of a small percentage of individuals who have risen to the very top of their field. This must be evidenced by skill and recognition above that ordinarily encountered and the person must be recognized as prominent, renowned, or notable in their field. In addition, the applicant must have a temporary offer of employment from an US employer or agent to work in their field of expertise. O1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

O1 Visa Entitlements

An O1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An O1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of up to 3 years and extensions may be granted. Foreign workers with an O1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain O1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Persons wishing to accompany O1 visa applicants who are artists or athletes may be eligible to apply for an O2 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the completion of the O1 visa applicant's work.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (O3 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

E3 Visa for Australians

An E3 visa is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Australia with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US.

E3 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an E3 visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of Australia and must have a temporary job offer of employment in a specialty occupation from a US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts. E3 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

E3 Visa Entitlements

An E3 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An E3 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 2 years and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (E3 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States and accompanying spouses may undertake employment with an approved employment authorization.

I Visa for Foreign Media Representatives

An I visa is a temporary work visa for representatives of the foreign press, radio, film and other foreign information media to work in the US. Journalists, reporters and film production workers who apply for an I visa must be coming to the US solely to engage in their vocation and the result of their work must primarily be to benefit the audience of their home country.

I Visa Requirements

To qualify for an I visa, the applicant must be a representative of the foreign media, freelance journalist or contracted by a media organization travelling to the US solely to work in their profession. An I visa applicant must usually be coming to the US to gather and/or report on information or news for a media organization that has its home office in a foreign country. I visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

I Visa Entitlements

An I visa entitles the holder to work in the US temporarily. An I visa is usually granted for the duration of the applicant’s job status, meaning, so long as the applicant is performing their job duties, the applicant may remain in the US. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may also apply for an I visa to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

H1B1 Visa for Chileans & Singaporeans

An H1B1 visa (sub-classification) is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Chile and Singapore with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US. The Chile & Singapore Free Trade Agreement requires the USCIS to exempt 6,800 H1B visas from the H1B visa cap and be reserved for eligible citizens of Chile and Singapore. Other foreign nationals with a job offer in a specialty occupation in the US may be eligible to apply for an H1B visa.

H1B1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an H1B1 visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of either Chile or Singapore and must have a temporary offer of employment in a specialty occupation from an US employer. A specialty occupation is an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge that usually requires the equivalent of at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent work experience. Typical specialty occupation fields include architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, medicine, health, education, business specialties, accounting, law, theology and the arts.
H1B1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

H1B1 Visa Entitlements

An H1B1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An H1B1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 1 year and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (H4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

R1 Visa for Religious Workers

An R1 visa is a temporary work visa for ministers and other religious workers with a job offer in a non-profit religious organization or an organization affiliated with a religious denomination in the US. Ministers and other religious workers with a permanent, full time employment offer may be able to apply for a Green Card as a special immigrant.

R1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for an R1 visa, the applicant must be a member of a religious denomination and have a temporary offer of employment (salaried or non-salaried) in a religious occupation from a non-profit religious organization in the US. The offer of employment may be as a minister or in any other religious vocation for at least 20 hours per week. The applicant must have been a member of their religious denomination for at least 2 years preceding the application. R1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

R1 Visa Entitlements

An R1 visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. An R1 visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Religious workers with an R1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain R1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Spouses and unmarried children under the 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (R2 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are not entitled to work or study in the United States without obtaining an appropriate work or student visa.

TN Visa for Canadians & Mexicans

A TN visa is a temporary work visa specifically for citizens of Canada and Mexico with a job offer in a professional occupation in the US. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) stipulates the professional occupations and minimum qualifications or alternative credentials required to be eligible to apply for a TN visa. Self-employment is not permitted on a TN visa.

TN Visa Requirements

To qualify for a TN visa to work in the US, the applicant must be a citizen of either Canada or Mexico and must have a temporary job offer of employment in a designated professional occupation from an US employer. The professional occupation must be on the NAFTA Professional Job Series List which currently includes occupations such as accountants, engineers, lawyers, medical and allied health workers, scientists and teachers. Furthermore, the applicant must meet minimum educational requirements or alternative credentials specific to their profession.
TN visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

TN Visa Entitlements

A TN visa entitles the holder to live and work in the US temporarily. A TN visa is usually granted for an initial period of 3 years and extensions may be granted. Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (TD visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

P2 Visa for Artists and Entertainers on an Exchange

A P2 visa is a temporary work visa for artists and entertainers who wish to participate in a government approved reciprocal exchange program in the US.

P2 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P2 visa, the applicant must be an artist or entertainer, either individually or as part of a group who has been accepted or invited to participate in a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the US and an organization in another country. The artist or entertainer must possess skills comparable to those of the US artists and entertainers participating in the program abroad. In addition, the applicant must have a US employer, organization or agent to sponsor their participation in the exchange program in the US.
P2 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P2 Visa Entitlements

A P2 visa entitles the holder to participate in an exchange program in the US. A P2 visa is usually granted for the duration of their program and extensions may be granted. Artists and entertainers with a P2 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P2 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P2 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P2 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

P3 Visa for Culturally Unique Artists and Entertainers

A P3 visa is a temporary work visa for culturally unique artists and entertainers who wish to perform or instruct in a cultural event or program in the US.

P3 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P3 visa, the applicant must be an artist or entertainer, either individually or as part of a group, that is coming to the US to demonstrate, instruct or promote their unique or cultural artistic talent in an event or events. The events may be commercial or non-commercial. In addition, the applicant must have an US employer, organization or agent to sponsor their participation in the event/s in the US.
P3 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P3 Visa Entitlements

A P3 visa entitles the holder to participate in a cultural program or event in the US. A P3 visa is usually granted for the duration of the program up to one year and extensions may be granted. Artists and entertainers with a P3 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P3 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently. Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P3 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P3 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.

Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

Q1 Visa for International Cultural Exchanges

A Q1 visa is a temporary work visa for adults (at least 18 years of age) to participate in a training, employment and cultural exchange program. The program must be administered by a US employer and must provide practical training and employment to the participant while facilitating the sharing of history, culture and tradition of the participant’s home country.Those wishing to participate in an educational based exchange program may be eligible to apply for an Exchange visa (J visa).

Q1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a Q1 visa, the applicant must be at least 18 years old and able to communicate the cultural attributes of their home country. In addition, the applicant must have a US employer to sponsor them and administer the cultural exchange program. Applicants who have previously entered the US on a Q1 visa must have been physically outside the US for at least one year before re-entering.
Q1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

Q1 Visa Entitlements

A Q1 visa entitles the holder to participate in an employment based cultural exchange program in the US. A Q1 visa is usually granted for the duration of the program up to 15 months and extensions cannot be granted. There is no provision for spouses and children of Q1 visa holders to accompany the Q1 visa holder. Spouses and children wishing to come to the US to join their spouse or parent are required to obtain an appropriate travel visa, work visa or student visa.

P1 Visa for Internationally Recognized Athletes and Entertainers

A P1 visa is a temporary work visa for internationally recognized athletes and entertainers to perform at an event in the US.

P1 Visa Requirements

To qualify for a P1 visa, the applicant must be internationally recognized and destined to enter the United States to compete or perform at a specific event. An internationally recognized athlete or entertainer must have significant international recognition either as an individual or as part of a team/group. This must be evidenced by skill and recognition above that ordinarily encountered and the person or group must be recognized in more than one country for a sustained period of time.In addition, the applicant must have a US employer or agent to sponsor their trip to the United States.P1 visa applicants may also be required to meet certain health and character requirements.

P1 Visa Entitlements

A P1 visa entitles the holder to participate in an event in the US. A P1 visa is usually granted to entertainers for the duration of their specific event only and will not exceed 1 year. However, individual athletes may be admitted for up to 5 years and a team athlete for up to 1 year and extensions may be granted. Internationally recognized athletes and entertainers with a P1 visa are permitted dual intent, meaning the applicant can maintain P1 visa status while applying for a Green Card to remain in the US permanently.

Essential support personnel wishing to accompany P1 visa applicants may be eligible to apply for a P1 visa if their skills and experience are essential to the principle applicant's performance.Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age may apply for the applicable derivative visa (P4 visa) to join their spouse or parent in the US. Accompanying spouses and children are entitled to study in the United States but are not entitled to undertake any employment without obtaining an appropriate work visa.

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